[...a citizenship that complements yet does not define the owner, whether it is human or code....]
The physical world is now seen through a variety of screens and daily life has become a constant change between these different-sized screens. Whether it is a phone, a laptop or a tablet screen - all of them serve as a portal to enter a completely new world: The Internet. Just as on Earth, there is a checkpoint and border control.
Until now, citizenships have been based on where we lived but what happens when we are spending on lives online? On the internet, humans are not the only guests, streams of code representing bots, cookies, files are there as well. There is value in knowing the difference but does this represent exclusivity rather than inclusivity? To the Internet's eyes, we are all simply data. Binary streams of information existing only at an infinitesimal scale.
The Internet will not be able to genuinely be inclusive to all of its visitors if it does not have a citizenship of its own to offer. A citizenship that includes a set of own terms and conditions and basic rights. A citizenship that complements yet does not define the owner, whether it is human or code.
The Internet transforms us. We become data.
Made out of pixels and code.
WE ARE ALL CONNECTED BY THE INTERNET, LIKE NEURONS IN A GIANT BRAIN.
"The early citizens of the net (or netizens) took their netizenship serious, and built home-pages about themselves and subjects they were experts in."
Anon, Violence Graphique
These pioneers found their brave new world at Geocities, a free web-hosting provider that was modelled after a city and where you could get a free "piece of land" to build your digital home in a certain neighbourhood based on the subject of your homepage [...]
INTERNET LIVE STATS
Around 40% of the world population has an internet connection today.
In 1995, it was less than 1%.
The number of internet users has increased tenfold from 1999 to 2013. The first billion was reached in 2005. The second billion in 2010. The third billion in 2014.
From the moment you’re
given a keypad, you start a trail of your digital
Citizens of the Internet
Being defined by where you were born or live when you surf this planet on a daily basis seems outdated. A human being is not only shaped by our direct social environment anymore. Internet has no boundaries.
A whole new generation of leaders, makers, thinkers in love with the digital shift are determined. Determined to be free citizen of the internet.
"We know the citizens of the Internet live in a place where the rules and structures are not set up yet, where a struggle for power is already happening."
A person’s digital footprint can begin as soon as any piece of content is shared or published about them on the web. It can begin the first time you sign up for an email, a social network account, or the first time you use a browser to explore the web. [...]
Apollo 17, 1972
Photo by: Petter Garritano
It's been 20 years since this man declared cyberspace independence
"Governments of the Industrial World, you weary giants of flesh and steel, I come from Cyberspace, the new home of Mind. On behalf of the future, I ask you of the past to leave us alone. You are not welcome among us. You have no sovereignty where we gather."
John Perry Barlow, 1996
Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace
FRITZ!Box Fon WLAN 7140
“Wired people should know something about wires.”
- Neal Stephenson
Jeroen Van Loon, 2016
Photo by: Gert-Jan van Rooij
Today’s internet consists of glass fibre cables that stretch across the ocean floor, connecting continents and thereby creating a worldwide network. These cables ensure that, wherever you are, you will always have access to the same data.
Data, whose main value is that they are saved and stored.
Developed at the Bell laboratories in Baltimore in 1971
The stakes for the future of the web are high.
"How we feel about a technology today greatly determines how we will behave towards a new technology tomorrow. One day the Internet will become outdated and it will be replaced by a new medium.
New technology is often met with the same shortsighted critique of society’s technophobes and technophiles. In order to understand the new, we need to understand the present." - JVL
"Life needs Internet" Jeroen van Loon, 2014
"journey to digital literacy " Gwendolyne Rottger, 2017
Exploring our relationship to online information and the consequences of interacting with it.
"Bits of Writing" Kirsten Spruit, 2017
Digital data exists on an infinitesimal scale.
Like any language, its physicality is determined by the vessels used for storage or transmission. In order for us to work with it, data must be decoded from binary values of ones and zeros back into the realm of human perception.
"Wifi Tapestry" Richard Vijgen, 2017
Streams of data transmitted through space appear as visual traces from an invisible dimension that gradually forms and dissolves.
What is cryptocurrency, how does it work and why do we use it?
Cryptocurrency is a form of digital money that is designed to be secure and, in many cases, anonymous.
It is a currency associated with the internet that uses cryptography, the process of converting legible information into an almost uncrackable code, to track purchases and transfers.
Net neutrality is the principle that all traffic on the internet should be treated equally. Under net-neutrality protections, internet service providers are barred from blocking, slowing, or providing preferred treatment to particular sites and services. The rules are designed to keep the internet open to all comers and give everyone a fair shot.
Without net-neutrality protections, ISPs could block you from streaming video from Netflix or YouTube or charge you extra just to access those sites.
NYC Mesh and other community-owned internet networks connect directly to the internet backbone, so we do not rely on an ISP.
Internet trolls have a manifesto of sorts, which states they are doing it for the "lulz," or laughs.
What trolls do for the lulz ranges from clever pranks to harassment to violent threats. There's also doxxing--publishing personal data, such as Social Security numbers and bank accounts--and swatting, calling in an emergency to a victim's house so the SWAT team busts in.
The Whole Earth 'Lectronic Link (The WELL), is one of the oldest virtual communities in continuous operation. As of June 2012, it had 2,693 members. It is best known for its Internet forums, but also provides email, shell accounts, and web pages.
Reddit bridges communities and individuals with ideas, the latest digital trends, and breaking news (...okay, and maybe cats). Our mission is to help people discover places where they can be their true selves, and empower our community to flourish.
Technology wasn't invented by humans. Rather the other way around.
WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM
Could you live without the internet? People in these countries say they can’t imagine it
Estimates place the number of internet users worldwide in the region of 3.6 billion – around half the world’s population – while Facebook has more than 2 billion active monthly users.
More than a third of UK internet users did a “digital detox” at some point last year.
"We will create a civilization of the Mind in Cyberspace. May it be more humane and fair than the world your governments have made before."
John Perry Barlow, 1996
Are we facing a scarcity of
"Infinite citizenship"Guidetta Veldrame, 2014
Citizenship, offers access to a variety of resources, such as public welfare and aids; rights, such as voting, safety, mobility; but implies duties as well, such as taxation and conscription; and legacies, as for example a public debt [...]
The Antarctic Treaty, which unites over 50 nations, has decreed Antarctica a continent dedicated to scientific research with common pacific aims: to protect the environment and to encourage international cooperation.
Antarctica embodies utopia: a continent whose extreme climate imposes mutual aid and solidarity, freedom of research, of sharing, and collaboration for the good of the planet. It is a place where the immaculate whiteness contains all the wishes of humanity, to spread a message of hope for future generations.
Studio Orta, 2007
Studio Orta, 2008
“This is historical to be the first robot in the world to be recognized with a citizenship.”
Founded: August 30, 2003
Government Type: Direct Citizen Representation
Head of State: Non-president Robert Jelinek
Territories: Area I (4 provinces): 787.910 m2
Area II (Rented/owned in 91 countries): 16.992.810,27 m2
Population since 30.8.2003: 13.900 citizens
Continental ethnic groups [%]: 22% European, 72% African, 3% Asian,
2% North American, 1% Australian
Diplomatic languages: German, English,french
National day: August 30
National dish: Soup of Sabotage
Anthem: Sabotage (17 versions)
International disputes: USA (2005)
The web ecology runs on quantity.
Quantity is what drove the vast data leaks of Julian Assange, Aaron Swartz, Chelsea Manning, and Edward Snowden, leaks so absurdly large they could never be read in their entirety, only parsed, leaks so frighteningly huge they were derided by the mainstream media as “information vandalism,” a critique that mistook the leak’s form for function -- or malfunction -- as if to say the gesture of liberating information is as important as what’s actually being moved [...]
A future where citizenship is flexible, temporary and transferable.
“Today, people move around the world more than ever,” says Vulpi. “Our citizenship defines our status and rights in a foreign country, but it often can bring struggles and limitations in exercising the universal rights we all are entitled to.”
"Flat people" Marie Caye, 2016
"When several Flat People merge, perfect digital humans are created."
Photo by: Lizzie Darden
1 - an inhabitant of a city or town; especially : one entitled to the rights and privileges of a freeman
2 a: a member of a state
b: a native or naturalized person who owes allegiance to a government and is entitled to protection from it She was an American citizen but lived most of her life abroad.
3 - a civilian as distinguished from a specialized servant of the state Soldiers were sent to protect the citizens.
Dandan Zhang, 2010
A digital citizen refers to a person utilizing information technology (IT) in order to engage in society, politics, and government. Karen Mossberger, define digital citizens as "those who use the Internet regularly and effectively".
Member of online society connected by the Internet. ‘Real’ and virtual mesh and create a hybrid characterized by code and data flow.
The Internet as a place cut off from the physical here and now. A place that allowed you to experiment with identity, race and gender, where matter dissolved in virtuality and atoms became bits.
Gibson William. 1982. Burning Chrome
The Online Identity Crisis
The Googles and Facebooks (GoogleBooks?) of the world want to aggregate all of these personas into a single identity. They want to do this, not because they think this is good for users or because this is how they think society works, but rather because it helps them monetize user interactions. However, this type of aggregation is a very bad deal for users.
ARE WE HUMAN?
Beatriz Colomina + Mark Wigley, 2016
How to Think About Bots
As we get more frustrated at the automated systems' inability to understand us, we get angry. And then we might project that anger onto the human who eventually picks up the phone. In both cases, the humanity that we want in our bots is one derived from polite society. Most likely, we don't blame the bot for its poor socialization. We blame the human behind it.
Exploring the virtual landscape of webpages.
Echo chambers are obviously problematic; social discourse suffers when people have a narrow information base with little in common with one another.
BLAME THE ECHO CHAMBER ON FACEBOOK. BUT BLAME YOURSELF, TOO
"The Design of Dissent"Mirko Ilic, 2011
The New Yorker
Published on July 5, 1993
"avtavr" Joan Heemskerk + Dirk Paesmans , 2003
Was this poem written by
a human or a
CITIZEN - EX
James Bridle, 2015
"Every time you connect to the internet, you pass through time, space, and law. Information is sent out from your computer all over the world, and sent back from there. This information is stored and tracked in multiple locations, and used to make decisions about you, and determine your rights. These decisions are made by people, companies, countries and machines, in many countries and legal jurisdictions. Citizen Ex shows you where those places are. "
Antonio Gonzales Paucar, 2011
jus sanguinis - the principle of blood
jus solis - defines citizens as those born within the country
jus internetis - internet connected
Terms & Conditions
“The only hope we have is the internet. We must strive to keep it free."
L Neil Smith